Social mapping is a systematic process of depicting a society involving the collection of data and information about a society, including the profile and social problems that exist in that society. Social mapping is carried out to determine the basic needs of the community, potential resources, identify the root of the problems felt by the community in improving their welfare and analyze potential conflicts in the community. Social mapping does not have a rigid approach, the process can be carried out according to the characteristics of society and the needs of researchers. One approach to carrying out social mapping is to use Rapid Rural Appraisal (RRA)/Participatory Rural Appraisal (PRA).
Wadah Foundation carries out community empowerment using strategies of recognition, collaboration and sustainable mentoring. One way to get to know people is through social mapping.
The foundation adopts an RRA/PRA approach, to ensure that the steps taken reflect the true needs of the communities being assisted. The aim of the Wadah Foundation in using RRA/PRA is to provide a comprehensive picture of mapped locations, social networks, human resources, strengths and weaknesses, the existence of vulnerable groups, as well as the potential available in terms of nature, humans and infrastructure. Wadah Foundation carries out social mapping of RRA/PRA in a participatory manner.
RRA/PRA social mapping was carried out from 24 to 25 October 2023, in Koa Village, West Mollo District, TTS Regency. All levels of society are involved, starting from the Village Government, PKK, Community Leaders and Community Members.
In this activity, the Wadah Foundation acted as a discussion facilitator and the Koa Village Community as the main informant. The implementation process includes (1) gathering the community; (2) provide paper which is distributed to all participants and then ask several questions such as “what are the main problems faced by the community in Koa Village?” (3) each participant writes their answer on the paper provided; (4) Activity participants are given the opportunity to explain the contents of their writing, then the paper is attached to the flip-chart that is provided, so that all participants can see and read the writing; (5) participants are given the opportunity to explain and paste their answers in turn (6) Participants’ answers that have been pasted on the flip-chart are grouped and ranked according to problem/potential/need categories to make it easier to draw conclusions; (8) selecting the most dominant answer is the main priority for further discussion.
The results of RRA/PRA activities in Koa Village were the identification of various existing potentials, problems and needs, both in the fields of Human Resources, Natural Resources and the Environment (Facilities and Infrastructure). Social mapping in Koa Village is the first step taken to achieve change and overcome the problems that have been faced. By recognizing potential, needs and problems, the community can take strategic steps in solving the problems they are experiencing. Through social mapping, the entire community and the government receive instructions for planning problem solving and optimizing their role in achieving shared prosperity. Problems can be overcome by utilizing existing potential, so that they can meet existing needs in Koa Village.
Author: Wahyuning Dwi Ndraha
Editor: Yan Ghewa